Canada’s First Parliament Building

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Canada’s First Parliament Buildings

In 1841, Lower Canada (now Quebec)  and Upper Canada (now Ontario)  joined to form the Province   of Canada. Its seat of  government alternated for many years. In 1857, Queen Victoria was asked to select a permanent  capital.

Surprisingly, the Queen chose the  rough-and-ready lumber town of Ottawa over the  established cities of Toronto, Kingston,  Montréal and Québec   City. Not only was Ottawa a political  compromise but it also lay a more secure distance from the American border.

The Centre, East and West blocks of the  Parliament Buildings were built between 1859 and 1866 (excluding the Tower and  Library). One year after their completion, Confederation was brought in, and  the buildings were immediately chosen as the seat of government for the new  Dominion of Canada.




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